My Polaroid Cameras

 

   
     
  Polaroid Land Camera model 95 (1948)

On February 21, 1947, Edwin Land demonstrated the first instant camera with self-developing film, using a patented chemical process to produce finished positive prints from the exposed negatives in under a minute.

The first commercially available Polaroid camera was the Polaroid Land Camera Model 95. It was the first of Edwin Land's instant rollfilm picture cameras and sold to the public in novermber 1948.
I found my Polaroid Land Camera model 95 at 'marktplaats', a dutch consumer to consumer internet website. This camera inspired me to do this Polaroid Project.

Click here to see more Model 95 Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
 

Polaroid Automatic 320
(1969-1971)


The Automatic 320 is a folding packfilm camera. It used 100-series pack films such as the original Polaroid 667 (B/W) or 669 (color) film. In this project I use the Fujifilm FP-100c and original Polaroid film.
This camera is equiped with a separate parallax viewfinder and rangefinder focus.

Click here to see more Automatic 320 Photos!

 
 
             
     
     
 

Polaroid Portrait Kit #541
(1969-1971)


Portrait kit #541 for Polaroid Land Cameras 340, 240, 230, 100, 135, 103, 102 & 101.
With this Portrait lens and attachment on the camera, you can focus on subjects much nearer than the normal closest focusing distance.
The focusing range is 19 to 42 inches, for head and shoulder portraits of people.

 
 
             
     
     
 

Polaroid Colorpack 82
(1971-1975)


The Colorpack 82 is a non-folding packfilm camera. It used Peel-apart 80-Series pack films such as the original Polaroid 87, 88 and Viva film (All discontinued).
For this camera no alternative is currently available.

Click here to see more Colorpack 82 Photos!

 
 
             
     
     
 

Polaroid SX-70 Original Model
(1972)


The SX-70 is a folding single lens reflex Land Camera first produced by the Polaroid Corporation in 1972. It was Edwin Land's first instant SLR in history, and the first camera to use Polaroid's new integral print film, which developed automatically without the need for intervention from the photographer.
The first model, sold in Florida in late 1972, had a plain focusing screen because Dr. Land wanted to encourage photographers to think they were looking at the subject, rather than through a viewfinder.

Click here to see more SX-70 Photos!

 
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid SX-70 model 2
(1974)


The SX-70 model 2 is a folding single lens reflex Land Camera similar like the SX-70 (original model). The Polaroid SX-70 model 2 was produced between 1974 and 1977.



Click here to see more SX-70 Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid SX-70 Alpha 1
(1977)


The SX-70 Alpha 1 is a folding single lens reflex Land Camera similar like the SX-70 (original model). This Revue-branded version was for sale in Foto-Quelle camera stores in Europe.



Click here to see more SX-70 Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
 

Polaroid 1000
(1977)


The Polaroid 1000 (also known as OneStep in the US) is a non-folding fixed focus Land Camera first produced by the Polaroid Corporation in 1977. It uses a 1 element plastic lens with fixed apperture (103 mm, f14.6).

Click here to see more 1000 model Photos!

 
 
             
             
     
     
  Polaroid SX-70 Sonar OneStep
(1978)


Polaroid released an autofocus model of their folding SX-70 in 1978. The SX-70 Sonar OneStep utilized a new and very advanced sonar technology. When the shutter button is pressed halfway, a series of ultrasonic chirps is emitted from an electrostatic transducer located under a plate over the lens. These chirps travel to the subject and bounce back to the camera’s receiver, alerting the camera to the subject’s distance, and the lens is turned on a motor to focus accordingly.


Click here to see more SX-70 Photos!
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid 650
(1982)


The Polaroid 600 uses 600-style integral print films. It has an electronic shutter; range about 1/4 - 1/200 sec, a built-in electronic flash and a close-up lens for objects less than 6ft away.



Click here to see more Polaroid 650 Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid Autofocus 660
(1982)


The Polaroid Autofocus 660 was a square-bodied instant camera in Polaroid's 600-series. It was the first in the range to use Polaroid's patented Sonar Autofocus device. The distance to the subject was calculated by firing an infra-red beam that bounced back to a gold-coloured receiver behind a plastic grille.



Click here to see more Polaroid Autofocus 660 Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid Lightmixer 630
(1984)


The Polaroid Lightmixer 630, a real eighties Polaroid camera.
Firts introduced at Photokina Köln in 1984.
I use the PX 680 color shade and PX 600 silver shade (The Impossible Project).

The Polaroids in this project were shot with either one of these films.



Click here to see more Polaroid Lightmixer Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid Image System
(1990)


The Polaroid Image System uses Image/Spectra integral print films. It has an electronic shutter, a built-in electronic flash and use the Polaroid Sonar Auto Focus system with focus distance indicator in the viewfinder.

I use Original Polaroid Image Softtone Film produced in 2008 during the final production run of Polaroid film at the Impossible Project Factory in Enschede.


Click here to see more Polaroid Image System Photos!
 
 
             
     
     
  Polaroid 600 CL
(1997)


The Polaroid 600 uses 600-style integral print films. It has an electronic shutter; range about 1/4 - 1/200 sec, a built-in electronic flash and a close-up lens for objects less than 6ft away


Click here to see more Polaroid Image System Photos!
 
 
             
    Manual Land Camera  
     
  Edwin Herbert Land
While on vacation at the Grand Canyon in 1943 Edwin Land's (co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation) daughter wondered
why developing photos took so long and asked to see the vacation photos right away. Her idea preyed on Land's mind
and he started working on the concept that the whole photographic process from taking the image to seeing the finished product shouldn't last longer than 60 seconds.




Manual Polaroid Land Camera
Click to enlarge
 
 
             
  Manual Land Camera    
     
  Manual Polaroid Land Camera
(1949)

Click to enlarge





The Polaroid Book (Taschen)
Selections from the Polaroid Collections
Great for inspiration...
 
 
             
     
     
 

FujiFilm FP-100c
Instant color film as used in type 100 series Packfilm Cameras (timed peel-apart development, used in Polaroid Automatic 320 Land Camera).


Polaroid 600 Extreme
Original Polaroid 600 Extreme instant film (expired 02/00).